How to Solve a 3x3 Rubik's Cube


Learn how to solve a 3x3 Rubik's Cube with a completely free walkthrough guide from KewbzUK. Simply follow the steps below to solve your cube.This guide has been written with beginners in mind so any advanced cubers please bear with us, we will make this as fool proof as possible.

How to solve a Rubik's Cube - KewbzUK Walkthrough Guide How to solve a Rubik's Cube - KewbzUK Walkthrough Guide How to solve a Rubik's Cube - KewbzUK Walkthrough Guide

Notation

When you see a letter by itself (U) you will perform the move in a clockwise rotation. However, when the letter is followed by an apostrophe (U') you will perform the move in an anti-clockwise rotation. Which way is clockwise on the Back Layer you ask? Well imagine you were facing that layer, perform the move from this angle. 

Rubik's Cube Notation - U and U' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " U" by itself you must turn the TOP layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation. 

Rubik's Cube Notation - D and D' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " D" by itself you must turn the BOTTOM layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation.

Rubik's Cube Notation - L and L' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " L" by itself you must turn the LEFT layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation.

Rubik's Cube Notation - R and R' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " R" by itself you must turn the RIGHT layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation.

Rubik's Cube Notation - F and F' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " F" by itself you must turn the  FRONT layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation.

Rubik's Cube Notation - B and B' - KewbzUK Beginners Method Tutorial

When you see a " B" by itself you must turn the BACK layer in either a clockwise or anti-clockwise rotation.


step 1 - the cross

We start by completing a cross on a chosen face, for this example I have chosen the White side. On your cube locate the white centre piece.

For each step we will take a look at different cases you may come across. The first step is very intuitive and there are not many cases that we can show you. You must not only complete the white cross on top but make sure the corresponding edge also fits into place.

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 1 - The Cross How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 1 - The Cross 

Case 1

F U' R U

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 1 - The Cross - Step 1a 

Case 2

R' U' R U R'

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 1 - The Cross - Step 1b

Case 3

L2 R2 U2 L2 R2

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 1 - The Cross - Step 1c

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 1 (Video)



Step 2 - The White corners

Right, with the top cross solved we must now solve the whole top layer ( make sure you hold the white cross on the top for the remainder of this step ).  Locate any white corner piece and hold it beneath were it needs to go (for the example below we have used the WHITE , BLUE , RED corner piece (note we have placed it beneath the WHITE, BLUE and RED centre pieces).

Follow the cases below to complete the whole top layer.

Case 1

F D F'

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 2 - The Corners - Step 2a

Case 2

R' D' R

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 2 - The Corners - Step 2b

Case 3

R' D2 R D R' D' R

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 2 - The Corners - Step 2c

Case 4

(R' D' R D) x 4

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 2 - The Corners - Step 2d

Case 5

(R' D' R D) x 2

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 2 - The Corners - Step 2e

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 2 (Video)



Step 3 - The second layer

You should now have the whole top layer completed, to proceed we must complete the middle layer. There are only 4 edge pieces which must be solved in this step (if your lucky some of them may already be in the correct place). 

First we should turn our cube over so that the Yellow centred piece is on top and the White face that we just completed is on the bottom. Let's follow the cases below to complete this layer.

Case 1

U' L' U L U F U' F'

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 3 - The Second Layer - Step 3a

Case 2

U R U' R' U' F' U F

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 3 - The Second Layer - Step 3b

Case 3

(R U' R' F R' F' R U') x 2

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 3 - The Second Layer - Step 3c

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 3 (Video)



Step 4A - The yellow Cross

In this step we will create a yellow cross on the top layer (like we did with the white cross in step 1, also making sure we match up the edge pieces). Once step 3 has been completed you will have one of 4 cases, the 4th case will be a completed yellow cross so we will show you the other 3 (below).

Depending on whichever case you have - hold the cube as shown and perform the algorithm to create a yellow cross on the top layer.

Case 1

(F R U R' U' F') then move to case 2

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 4 - The Final Layer - Step 4a

Case 2

(F R U R' U' F' U) then move to case 3

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 4 - The Final Layer - Step 4b

Case 3

F R U R' U' F' 

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 4 - The Final Layer - Step 4c

step 4b - finishing the cross

Hold your puzzle as shown so that the yellow cross is on the top layer and the front edge piece is in the correct position along with the right hand edge piece also being in the correct position (as shown in the image).  This will leave the left hand edge piece and back edge piece to be swapped.

Note: If you cannot make the front and right edge pieces match then simply perform the algorithm from any face, then repeat Step 4b

Perform the algorithm [ F U F' U F U2 F' U] shown above the image to swap the (left & back) edge pieces.

F U F' U F U2 F' U

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 4 - The Final Layer - Step 4d

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 4 (Video)



Step 5 - permuting the corners

In this step we will move all of the corners to their correct place (not necessarily in the correct rotation however). If all corners of your top layer are in the correct place then move on to step 6.

  1. Locate 1 corner that is already in the correct place (making sure not to twist any layers of your cube).
  2. Hold the corner piece in the front right hand corner as shown in the images below.

In all 3 images below the corner piece in the FRONT, RIGHT corner on the top face is in the correct place (just rotated differently). The other 3 corner pieces are in the incorrect place.

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 5 - The Final Layer - Step 5a
                 
How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 5 - The Final Layer - Step 5b
                 
How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 5 - The Final Layer - Step 5c
                 

Perform the algorithm: ( U R U' L' U R' U' L) with the solved corner in the front right corner of the top face. This algorithm will cycle the other 3 corners in an anti-clockwise rotation.

This will leave you with a nearly solved Rubik's Cube. All corners on the top layer will be in their correct places but just out of rotation (not all yellows are facing upwards).

Let's move on to step 6 and fully solve our Rubik's Cube.

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 5 - The Final Layer - Step 5d

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 5 (Video)



step 6 - the final step

In this final step we will rotate the last few corners and solve our Rubik's Cube completely. Hold your cube in any rotation and make sure the yellow cross is on the top layer. Let's follow the bullet points below:

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 6 - The Final Layer - Step 6a

1. Hold your cube so that any incorrectly rotated corner piece is in the FRONT, RIGHT hand corner of the top layer.

(You might have 4, 3 or 2 incorrectly rotated corners).

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 6 - The Final Layer - Step 6b

2. Perform the algorithm: 

R' D' R D 

(Repeat this algorithm until the yellow is on the top face). 

Note: Your cube might look scrambled at this point.

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 6 - The Final Layer - Step 6c

3. Simply rotate the top layer until the next corner to rotate is in the FRONT, RIGHT hand corner of the top layer and repeat the algorithm again. 

R' D' R D

Note: Remember to repeat this algorithm until the corner piece is in the correct rotation.

How to solve a Rubik's 3x3 - Step 6 - The Final Layer - Step 6d

4. Simply keep repeating these steps until your cube is solved. Don't forget that you may have to perform the R'D' R D algorithm more than once on one corner.

3x3 Solution Guide - Step 6 (Video)



3 Comments

Owen - Jun 07, 2017

It won’t work no matter how hard I try! This is already my… 4th try? I don’t know what I’m missing! Please help meeeeeeeeeeeeeeee…

George - Dec 04, 2017

Thisihaventtried but the 2×2 worksi doitall day just cant seem to memorize it

Kieran Finles - Feb 20, 2018

Brilliant Guide solved it straight away first time!
Thaks

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